Komae City Hall
Location of Komae in Tokyo
|• Mayor||Kunihiko Takahashi (since July 2012)|
|• Total||6.39 km2 (2.47 sq mi)|
|• Density||13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Ginkgo biloba|
|Address||1-1-5 Izumi-Honcho, Komae-shi, Tokyo 201-8585|
Komae (狛江市, Komae-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. It is one of 30 municipalities in the western portion of Tokyo known as the Tama Area. As of 1 April 2021[update], the city had an estimated population of 83,218, and a population density of 13,000 persons per km².  Based on the 2015 Kanto Ranking, Musashino was the fifth most desirable place to live in Central Japan. The total area of the city is 6.39 square kilometres (2.47 sq mi). It is the smallest administrative city in Tokyo Meotropolis both in area and population, and the second smallest in terms of area in the nation.
Komae is nestled between the Tama River to the southwest, and the much smaller Nogawa river to the north and east which flows near its boundaries with Chōfu city and Setagaya Ward. It is mostly flat. It is a small municipality; its boundaries fit within a circle of 2 km radius centred on the city hall. It is essentially a residential suburb of Tokyo which urbanised rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s, with most of the working population commuting to central Tokyo. There are several neighbourhood shopping areas, mainly around the train stations. The City Hall is located near Komae Station.
Komae has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Komae is 14.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.8 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Komae increased rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s, but has remained relatively constant for the past 40 years.
The city's name is thought to originate from the word koma, referring to migrants, especially Goguryeo from the Korean peninsula who settled here around the 5th century AD. Numerous kofun burial mounds are located within the city borders.
The area of present-day Komae was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamiitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The town of Komae was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Minamtama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Odakyu Railways's Odawara line was constructed through Komae in 1926, linking it with Shinjuku in central Tokyo. Expanding population led to Komae being upgraded to the status of a town in 1952, and to a city on October 1, 1970.
On September 1, 1970, Tama River's levee failed during a typhoon, and 19 houses were destroyed by torrential flooding. The riverbanks have now been strengthened. A small memorial stands at the location of the levee failure.
Komae has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 26 members. The current mayor is Kunihiko Takahashi, an independent heading a coalition of the Democratic Party of Japan with the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan and the Komeito, which ousted long-term Japanese Communist Party mayor Yutaka Yano in 2012. Komae, together with the city of Chōfu, contributes three members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 26th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
Komae has six public elementary schools and four public middle schools opened by the city. The one public high school, Komae High School, is operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.
- Komae is not served by any national highways or expressways.
Annual events in Komae include a raft-race on Tama River every July, and a city fair in mid-November.
The town has a group of festival mascots called Komarangers; their purpose is to cheer up the citizens of the town. They come in five colors: red, blue, green, yellow, and pink.
Notable people from Komae
- "Komae city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
- Komae climate data
- Komae population statistics
- Sumiko Enbutsu; Mimi LeBourgeois (April 2000). "Tokyo Water Walks". Tokyo On Foot hosted by Tokyoq. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
The city name, Komae, probably derived from "Koma," a word referring to Kogyo of ancient Korea, probable origin of the immigrants.External link in
- "Archived copy" 東京都狛江市歴史探訪 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
狛江の名前の由来> 古来、高麗人が日本の関東地方に帰化しましたが、狛江の地にも人々が渡来しました。このことから、地名の由来は「高麗（コマ）」に由来しているといわれています。CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Ayako Shinomiya Burton (November 1994). "Japanese Language Planning in Korea 1905-1945" (PDF). Simon Fraser University. pp. 11p.
particularly around the 5th century, as many Koreans technically skilled in such areas as architecture, ceramics, weaving and iron casting settled in Japan. Korean cultural words such as fude (writing brush), tefu (notebook), and even place names such as Koma, Komae and Rebonri, and the most prominent, Nara ("country" in Korea), were introduced into Japan around that time.