Ropley

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Ropley
Village
View Down Church Street - Ropley - geograph.org.uk - 1219704.jpg
View down Church Street
Ropley is located in Hampshire
Ropley
Ropley
Location within Hampshire
Population1,526 [1]
1,602 (2011 Census)[2]
OS grid referenceSU646319
Civil parish
  • Ropley
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townALRESFORD
Postcode districtSO24
Dialling code01962
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire and Isle of Wight
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
51°04′59″N 1°04′43″W / 51.08305°N 1.07855°W / 51.08305; -1.07855Coordinates: 51°04′59″N 1°04′43″W / 51.08305°N 1.07855°W / 51.08305; -1.07855

Ropley is a village and large civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It has an acreage of 4,684 acres (1,896 ha), situated 4 miles (6.4 km) east from New Alresford, and is served by a station on the Mid Hants Railway heritage line at Ropley Dean, just over 1 mile (1.6 km) from the village shops. It is 6.7 miles (10.8 km) southwest of Alton, just off the A31 road. It lies within the diocese of Winchester.

The St Swithun's Way, part of the Pilgrims' Way from Winchester to Canterbury, passes through the village.

It is distinguished by its general absence of pavements in favour of boundary walls, hedges and mature trees.[3] Ropley holds an annual Boxing Day walk, and a pram race on the spring bank holiday in May.

Etymology[edit]

Ropley is first recorded in AD 1167 as Ropeleia[4] the name is derived from the Old English personal name 'Hroppa' [5] similar to modern day Robert and the common suffix 'léah' meaning either; meadow, small woodland or woodland clearing.[6] The latter translation is most likely, this is because the personal name would specify a settlement in a woodland clearing, hence Ropley is translateable as "Robert's woodland clearing" . The proposed reconstruction of the original Saxon writing would be something like *Hroppanleah.

This is also leads us to the etymology of the Hamlet of Lyeway about 2.25 km away. Lyeway first recorded in 1327 in the personal name John atte Ligheweye[7] the name refers to a 'way' ie a lane that led to the 'léah', in other words Lyeway translates as the 'lane to Ropley'.

History[edit]

In the Domesday Book Ropley was part of the "Hundred of Bishops Sutton" (or "Ashley").[8] Ropley is noted as having provided the honey for William the Conqueror's mead.[9]

The Gervais family[edit]

By the 13th century much of the manor of Ropley was owned by the Gervase family (also written as Gervais, Gervas, Gervase, Gerveis and Jervays), the name is of French/Norman origin and likely related to the other families who held lands throughout the country see also Walter Gervais. In the 1370s the family began to gift lands in Ropley to the founding of Winchester College by William of Wykeham. William Gervas of Ropley mentioned in Winchester College documents in 1256 is the first record of a Gervais family member in Ropley although their presence in the village likely went back earlier. The last mention of the family is in 1450 [10] speaking about rentals of the Land of Roger Gervays. This being the last record is no surprise seeing they had given most of their lands to Winchester College by that point.

Inclosures Act[edit]

The commons and common fields of Ropley, estimated at 500 acres, were enclosed in 1709 in what was the first private parliamentary act of its kind in England. The bill was led by the bishop of Winchester, Jonathan Trelawny, in an effort to restore his family finances, and by the College of Winchester. The enclosure was strongly contested by petition by many of the commoners who claimed that the bishop and his three appointed commissioners were stealing their commons rights. Parliament declined to intervene. Serious and bloody repercussions followed affecting neighbouring parishes and later enclosures across the country.[11]

The post office was opened in 1851 when the population was 818.[12] In 1870, the population was 796[13]

Parish church[edit]

St Peter's Church

St Peter's parish church lies in the village. Its World War I memorial lists 40 people who died, whilst the World War II tablet lists a further 10 people.[14] The Grade-II listed church was severely damaged by a major electrical fire on 19 June 2014 which gutted the building and destroyed the roof. However plans have been put forward to repair the building.[15]

The vicar of Ropley from 1796 to 1811 was the Reverend William Howley (who succeeded his father, also William Howley, in the post). Howley is perhaps Ropley's most famous resident, and went on to serve as a Canon of Christ Church, Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford University, Bishop of London (1813-1828), and Archbishop of Canterbury (1828-1848), in which capacity he crowned two British monarchs.

Historic buildings[edit]

There are numerous old buildings in the village:

Name Grade Century of oldest part
St Peter's Church of England Church Grade II[16] 11th or 12th
The Forge Grade II[17] 15th with later extended flemish bond red brick walls.
Smugglers Grade unknown 15th with successive alterations and renovations through each century.
Soame's Farm Grade unknown 15th[18]
The Old Farmhouse Grade unknown 16th
The Old Manor House Grade II[19] 16th with later
Town Street Farmhouse Grade II[20] 16th
Dover Cottage Grade II[21] 16th
Ropley House Grade II*[22] 16th additions in 18th
Fordes Grade II[23] 17th
Cromwell Cottage Grade II[24] 17th
Laurel And Pondside Cottages Grade II[25] 17th
Ropelia Cottage Grade II[26] 17th
Gardeners Cottage Grade II[27] 17th
Fieldview Grade II[28] 17th
Fairways Grade II[29] 17th
Sparrow Thatch Grade II[30] 17th
The Old Farm House Grade II[31] 17th
The Old Parsonage Grade II[32] 17th
The Post House Grade II[33] 18th
Bounty House Grade II[34] 18th
North Street Farmhouse Grade II[35] 18th (1730)
Exeter House Grade II[36] 18th
Archbishop's Cottage Grade II[37] 18th
Hall Place Grade II[38] 18th (1790)
Ropley Grove Grade II[39] 18th flemish bond red brick walls
Carpenters Grade II[40] 18th
Little Barton Grade II[41] 18th
Stables 10 Metres East of Hall Place Grade II[42] 18th
Yew Tree Cottage Grade II[43] 18th
Ropley Lodge Grade II[44] 18th
Old Down Cottage Grade unknown 18th
Ropley Manor Grade II[45] early 19th
Stable Block 20 metres South-East

of The Post House

Grade II[46] early 19th

Hamlets[edit]

Ropley contains many interesting and ancient Hamlets that were part or currently are part of the historical area of Ropley Parish:

Ropley Hamlets
Hamlet Name First Mention Year Mentioned
Charlwood Cherlewde 1218
Gilbert Street Robertus f. Gilbertus 1203
Harcombe Henrico de Havercompe 1208
Hawthorn Horethornes 1427
Kitwood Kyteswode 1403
Lyeway Ligheweye 1327
North Street North st. 1347
Ropley Dean l'Dene 1410
Ropley Soke hamerdene (hammerdean is an ancient name for the same region) AD 701
Stapley Stapol Wege AD 932
Swelling Hill Sweolynge 1403

Education[edit]

The village contains one primary school, Ropley CofE Primary School, founded in 1826 by the Reverend Samuel Maddock,[47] who first built it on a previous site in Petersfield Road. William Faichen was the co-founder of the school, and became the first Headmaster.[48]

There was already another school in the area, located in present-day Four Marks (originally called 'Ropley Street').[49] Maddock thought that it was too much of a struggle for young children to walk a long distance every day, so he built his school in the centre of the village. The older school was demolished in the mid 1800s.

In 1869, the school burned down in a fire. It was rebuilt on the present day site at Church Street and reopened the same year.[50][51] Since then, the school has operated continuously.

The school values its historic links with the community. Parts of the original Victorian traditional flint and brick buildings remain, and now form the hall and the school kitchen. The main teaching area consists of six modern classrooms with shared corridor working spaces. The most recent classroom was built in 2001 and is especially equipped for early years children.[50] The primary school is one of the feeder schools for Perins School, and both maintain high standards.[52]

Governance[edit]

Ropley is part of the Alton Rural county ward, and returns one county councillor to Hampshire County Council.

Election Member[53] ward
2009 Mark Kemp-Gee Alton Rural
2013 Mark Kemp-Gee Alton Rural
2017 Mark Kemp-Gee Alton Rural

Ropley is part of the Ropley and Tisted district ward, and returns one district councillor to East Hampshire District Council.

Election Member[54] Ward
2015 Charles Louisson Ropley and Tisted

Station[edit]

Ropley railway station

Ropley railway station opened in 1865, and has operated continuously since that date, other than for four years from 1973 to 1977. Originally opened by the London and South Western Railway, services ended in 1973, but were restored by a preservation society four years later, as part of the Mid Hants Railway, running heritage services between Alton and New Alresford. There is a 100-year established garden topiary by the station house side. The locomotive shed and engineering works are located adjacent to the station, and tours may be booked.[55] Trains operate from May to September each year, with additional Christmas and New Year special services.[55]

Notable people[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hagen, Marianna S., Annals of Old Ropley (1929) [56]
  • Hampshire County Council, Ropley at the Millennium, A Village Appraisal (2000)[57]
  • Heal, Chris, The Four Marks Murders, second edition, Chapters 2 & 4 (Chattaway and Spottiswood, Milverton, 2021) ISBN 978-1-9161944-2-7
  • Heal, Chris, Ropley's Legacy, The Ridge Enclosures, 1709 to 1850: Chawton, Farringdon, Medstead, Newton Valence and Ropley and the birth of Four Marks (Chattaway and Spottiswood, Four Marks 2021) ISBN 978-1-9161944-3-4
  • Hogarth, Peter, ‘Ropley in the Age of Smuggling’, No. 84 (Alresford Historical & Literary Society 1993)[58]
  • Kirby, T. F., The Charters of the Manor of Ropley, Hants (The Society of Antiquaries, London 1902)
  • Mason, Frederick, Ropley Past and Present, A Brief Story of a Hampshire Village (Scriptmate Editions, London 1989) ISBN 0-951-4647-0-1 (Hardback) 0-951-4647-1-X (paperback)
  • Montgomery, Roy, The village of Ropley and the parish of St Peter (Hampshire Genealogical Society, Village Booklet No 20)
  • Victoria County History, A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3, Ropley (British History Online 1908)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Conservation Area Booklet" (PDF). Hampshire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Parishes: Ropley | British History Online".
  5. ^ The Saxon Land Charters of Hampshire with Notes on Place and Field Names (4th Series)
  6. ^ "Old English Dictionary: Find Old English Words | Old-Engli.sh".
  7. ^ https://maps.hants.gov.uk/historicenvironment/herResults.aspx?monuid=41237
  8. ^ Ropley history Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Hampshire County Council". Archived from the original on 30 April 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2009.
  10. ^ Himsworth winchester college archives
  11. ^ Heal, Ropley's Legacy.
  12. ^ Timeline of Hampshire Archived 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Vision of Britain
  14. ^ Roll of Honour Ropley
  15. ^ "Ropley church gutted by blaze". BBC News. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  16. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1339053)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  17. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1179655)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  18. ^ https://maps.hants.gov.uk/historicenvironment/herResults.aspx?monuid=13830
  19. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1339020)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  20. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093933)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  21. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1339055)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  22. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1157351)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  23. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093929)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  24. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093930)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  25. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093932)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  26. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093936)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  27. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1339058)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  28. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093939)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  29. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1157350)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  30. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1179719)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  31. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1179855)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  32. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1339032)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  33. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093928)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  34. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093934)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  35. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093935)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  36. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093931)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  37. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1179845)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  38. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1179958)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  39. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1301730)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  40. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1301760)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  41. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093937)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  42. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093938)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  43. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093940)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  44. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1093941)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  45. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1157300)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  46. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1339056)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  47. ^ "Maddock of Ropley". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  48. ^ "William Faichen the first headmaster". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  49. ^ Ropley former parish history
  50. ^ a b Open document for details[permanent dead link]
  51. ^ "School Brochure" (PDF). Ropley CofE Primary School. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
  52. ^ Ropley school exam results
  53. ^ Retrieved 14 May 2012
  54. ^ "Retrieved 14 May 2012". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  55. ^ a b "Overview to stations". Mid Hampshire Railway. Archived from the original on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  56. ^ "Annals of Old Ropley".
  57. ^ "Ropley at the Millennium". www.ropley2000.hampshire.org.uk. Archived from the original on 14 February 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  58. ^ http://www.alresfordhistandlit.co.uk/084%20Ropley%20in%20the%20Age%20of%20Smuggling.pdf[bare URL PDF]

External links[edit]