Shimotsuma, Ibaraki

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Shimotsuma

下妻市
Shimotsuma city hall
Shimotsuma city hall
Flag of Shimotsuma
Flag
Official seal of Shimotsuma
Seal
Location of Shimotsuma in Ibaraki Prefecture
Location of Shimotsuma in Ibaraki Prefecture
Shimotsuma is located in Japan
Shimotsuma
Shimotsuma
 
Coordinates: 36°11′3.9″N 139°58′2.9″E / 36.184417°N 139.967472°E / 36.184417; 139.967472Coordinates: 36°11′3.9″N 139°58′2.9″E / 36.184417°N 139.967472°E / 36.184417; 139.967472
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureIbaraki
Area
 • Total80.88 km2 (31.23 sq mi)
Population
 (October 2020)
 • Total41,638
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePine
- FlowerChrysanthemum
Phone number0296-43-2111
Address2-22 Honjo-cho, Shimotsuma-shi, Ibaraki-ken 304-8501
WebsiteOfficial website
Lake Sanuma

Shimotsuma (下妻市, Shimotsuma-shi) is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2020, the city had an estimated population of 41,638 in 16,021 households and a population density of 515 persons per km². The percentage of the population aged over 65 was 29.0%.[1] The total area of the city is 80.88 square kilometres (31.23 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Shimotsuma is located in western Ibaraki Prefecture. The Kinugawa River flows through the city.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Ibaraki Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Shimotsuma has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light snowfall. The average annual temperature in Shimotsuma is 14.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1300 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.8 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Shimotsuma has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 38,559—    
1930 37,829−1.9%
1940 37,718−0.3%
1950 42,123+11.7%
1960 38,458−8.7%
1970 35,512−7.7%
1980 39,337+10.8%
1990 42,704+8.6%
2000 46,544+9.0%
2010 45,001−3.3%

History[edit]

Shimotsuma developed as a castle town from the Muromachi period. It was the center of Shimotsuma Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period. The town of Shimotsuma was established on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. It was elevated to city status on January 1, 1955.

On January 1, 2006, the village of Chiyokawa (from Yūki District) was merged into Shimotsuma.

Government[edit]

Shimotsuma has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Shimotsuma contributes one member to the Ibaraki Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Ibaraki 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Shimotsuma is primarily agricultural.

Education[edit]

Shimotsuma has nine public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Ibaraki Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates a special education school for the handicapped.

A Brazilian school Escola Pingo de Gente was formerly located in Shimotsuma.[4] It has since been renamed to Instituto Educare and moved to Tsukuba.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Kantō Railway Jōsō Line

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Noted people from Shimotsuma[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The city is the setting of Takemoto Novala's novel Shimotsuma Monogatari (also known as Kamikaze Girls), and the manga and film of that name. The movie was filmed on location in Shimotsuma.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ibaraki prefectural official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Shimotsuma climate data
  3. ^ Shimotsuma population statistics
  4. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  5. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  6. ^ "Joso Line". Kanto Railway-Stations. Retrieved 2007-06-20.

External links[edit]

Media related to Shimotsuma, Ibaraki at Wikimedia Commons