Shimotsuma city hall
Location of Shimotsuma in Ibaraki Prefecture
|• Total||80.88 km2 (31.23 sq mi)|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|Address||2-22 Honjo-cho, Shimotsuma-shi, Ibaraki-ken 304-8501|
Shimotsuma (下妻市, Shimotsuma-shi) is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2020[update], the city had an estimated population of 41,638 in 16,021 households and a population density of 515 persons per km². The percentage of the population aged over 65 was 29.0%. The total area of the city is 80.88 square kilometres (31.23 sq mi).
Shimotsuma is located in western Ibaraki Prefecture. The Kinugawa River flows through the city.
Shimotsuma has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light snowfall. The average annual temperature in Shimotsuma is 14.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1300 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.8 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Shimotsuma has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.
Shimotsuma developed as a castle town from the Muromachi period. It was the center of Shimotsuma Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period. The town of Shimotsuma was established on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. It was elevated to city status on January 1, 1955.
Shimotsuma has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Shimotsuma contributes one member to the Ibaraki Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Ibaraki 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
The economy of Shimotsuma is primarily agricultural.
Shimotsuma has nine public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Ibaraki Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates a special education school for the handicapped.
- Tsukuba Circuit
- Site of Shimotsuma Castle
- Lake Sanuma
Noted people from Shimotsuma
In popular culture
- "Ibaraki prefectural official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
- Shimotsuma climate data
- Shimotsuma population statistics
- "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
- "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
- "Joso Line". Kanto Railway-Stations. Retrieved 2007-06-20.
Media related to Shimotsuma, Ibaraki at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Website (in Japanese)