|Founded||1975 (as Business Flyers Basel AG) |
November 18, 1978 (as Crossair)
|Ceased operations||March 31, 2002 (formed Swiss International Air Lines)|
|Hubs||EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg|
|Headquarters||Saint-Louis, Haut-Rhin, France|
Crossair Ltd. Co. for Regional European Air Transport (German: Crossair AG für europäischen Regionalluftverkehr) was a regional airline headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in Saint-Louis, Haut-Rhin, France, near Basel, Switzerland. It became Swiss International Air Lines after taking over most of the assets of Swissair following that airline's bankruptcy in 2002.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009)
The airline was founded as a private company under the name Business Flyers Basel AG in 1975 by Moritz Suter. The name later changed to Crossair on November 18, 1978, before the beginning of scheduled services on July 2, 1979 with flights from Zürich to Nuremberg, Innsbruck and Klagenfurt. It was headquartered at Zurich International Airport in Kloten in 1985. It added charter services for major shareholder Swissair in November 1995.
After the parent company SAirGroup had to apply for a debt restructuring moratorium in October 2001, it became necessary to change the entire planning. On March 31, 2002, Swissair passed out of existence as most of its assets were taken over by Crossair which then changed names to Swiss International Air Lines.
Crossair flew from Basel, Bern, Geneva, Lugano and Zurich. Crossair was very interested in serving from several hubs and, therefore set up a multi-hub business plan. Crossair set up a Eurocross scheme from their Basel base to serve smaller airports and transfer their passengers to larger hubs with short transit times (only around 20 minutes) This helped Crossair link with partners, such as Swissair from Zurich. Crossair also operated flights between Swiss airports.
|Avro RJ85||4||1993||2002||Transferred to Swiss International Air Lines. One RJ100 crashed as Flight 3597|
|British Aerospace 146-200A||3||1990||1994|
|British Aerospace 146-300||2||1991||1996|
|Embraer ERJ-145LU||22||2000||2002||Transferred to Swiss International Air Lines|
|Fairchild Hiller FH-227||1||1984||1984||Leased from Delta Air Transport|
|Fairchild Swearingen Metro II||3||1979||1983|
|Fairchild Swearingen Metro III||9||1981||1990|
|Fokker F27 Friendship||2||1984||1984|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14||1||1995||1995||Leased from ALG Aeroleasing|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-82||1||1995||2001||Transferred to Nordic Airlink|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-83||11||1995||2002||Mostly used on larger routes from Zurich, and some from Basel|
|Saab 340||14||1984||2002||Mainly used from Basel as well as Lugano and Zürich. One crashed as Flight 498|
|Saab 2000||32||1994||2002||Largest operator. One written off as Flight 850|
Accidents and incidents
- On 10 January 2000, Crossair Flight 498 crashed just after take-off from Zürich. All 10 people aboard were killed.
- On 24 November 2001, Crossair Flight 3597 crashed near Zürich, killing 24 of 33 people aboard, including the famous La Bouche singer Melanie Thornton and two of the three girls from German Eurodance group Passion Fruit. One crew survived along with eight other passengers, and suffered minor injuries and third-degree burns.
- On 10 July 2002, Crossair Flight 850 made an emergency landing at Werneuchen Airfield in Germany. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair when it hit an earth bank placed across the runway, the markings of which did not conform to standards.
Crossair was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in Saint-Louis, Haut-Rhin, France, near Basel, Switzerland. In 2002 the name "Crossair" was replaced with "Swiss International Air Lines" on the head office building.
- "Eintrag der Swiss International Air Lines AG, ehemals Crossair, im Handelsregister des Kantons Basel-Stadt". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 71." Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
- "Crossair fleet". aerobernie.bplaced.net. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
- "Crossair Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "Location." Crossair. Retrieved on 13 June 2009.
- "INDUSTRY BRIEFS." Airline Industry Information. 2 July 2002. Retrieved on 12 January 2010. "According to a company statement, the new name replaces Crossair at the corporate headquarters in Basel."
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