John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute
The Marquess of Bute
KBE FRSE FRIAS(Hon) FRSA
|Born||27 February 1933|
Mayfair, London, England
|Died||21 July 1993 (aged 60)|
Mount Stuart House
|Cause of death||Cancer|
(m. 1955; div. 1977)
|Children||Lady Sophia Bain|
Lady Caroline Crichton-Stuart
John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute
Lord Anthony Crichton-Stuart
|Parents||John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute|
Lady Eileen Forbes
|Alma mater||Ampleforth College|
Trinity College, Cambridge
John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute,(27 February 1933 – 21 July 1993) was a Scottish peer, benefactor and patron of the arts. He was largely known either as Lord Bute or simply John Bute.
John Crichton-Stuart was born in Mayfair, London, on 27 February 1933, fifteen minutes before his twin brother, David. As such, he was the eldest son of John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute, and Lady Eileen Forbes, the younger daughter of Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, and Beatrice Mills Forbes, an American socialite who was the daughter of Ogden Mills.
He was known as Lord Cardiff before the death of his grandfather in 1947, when he became Earl of Dumfries. He attended Ampleforth College and, after national service in the Scots Guards, studied history at Trinity College, Cambridge. At Cambridge he attended the Fine Art lectures of Nikolaus Pevsner.
John Crichton-Stuart was a private man who eschewed publicity and grand gestures and refused to take part in the activities of the House of Lords on the grounds that "the scene" was uncongenial. After his second marriage, he restored Mount Stuart House on the Isle of Bute.
On his father's death in 1956, Crichton-Stuart inherited his titles as well as estates in Wales, England, and Scotland, including six castles and a highly esteemed collection of European paintings. To settle death duties, he sold property in Cardiff to the city corporation and transferred Robert Adam houses on the south side of Charlotte Square, Edinburgh to the National Trust for Scotland. On the north side he transferred the central pavilion (5/6/7): 6 Charlotte Square, which he also transferred, became the official residence of the Secretary of State for Scotland and is known as Bute House due to its connection to him. No 7 is open to the public as The Georgian House.
He was Lord Lieutenant of Bute and, from 1990, of Argyll and Bute. As owner of Bute Fabrics, the largest employer on the Isle of Bute, Crichton-Stuart redirected the focus of the company towards designer fabrics and contemporary furniture.
He held office in the National Trust for Scotland for twenty-five years, while its membership increased five-fold. From 1985, he was Chairman of the Trustees of the National Museums of Scotland, securing funding for the new west extension to the Royal Scottish Museum on Chambers Street in Edinburgh, now known as the Museum of Scotland. Despite opposition from Prince Charles, he ensured the project proceeded and saw the laying of the foundation stone in April 1993, shortly before his death.
On 19 April 1955, he married, firstly, Beatrice Nicola Grace Weld-Forester, and they divorced in 1977. They had four children:
- Lady Sophia Ann Crichton-Stuart (born 27 February 1956), wife of the rock musician Jimmy Bain
- Lady Caroline Eileen Crichton-Stuart (21 February 1957 – 1984)
- John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute (26 April 1958 – 22 March 2021), also known as a racing driver under the name of Johnny Dumfries or John Bute.
- Lord Anthony Crichton-Stuart (born 14 May 1961)
- Convener of Buteshire County Council (1967–1970)
- Countryside Commission for Scotland (1970–1978)
- Development Commission (1973–1978)
- Oil Development Council for Scotland (1973–1978)
- Council of the Royal Society of Arts (1990–1992)
- Board of the British Council (1987–1992)
- Scottish Standing Committee for Voluntary International Aid, Chairman/President (1964–1968/1968–1975)
- Scottish Committee of the National Fund for Research into Crippling Diseases (1966–1993), Chairman
- Museums Advisory Board (Scotland), Chairman (1984–1985)
- Historic Buildings Council for Scotland (1983–1988), Chairman
- National Galleries of Scotland, Trustee (1980–1987)
- Royal Society of Edinburgh, Fellow (1992)
- Mosley, Charles (2003), Burke's Peerage & Baronetage (107th ed.), Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage, p. 2947
- Jones, Peter. "John Crichton_Stuart" (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- Gavin Stamp (2004), "Stuart, John Crichton-, sixth marquess of Bute (1933–1993)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oct 2009, Oxford University Press, retrieved 22 April 2012
- Independent (newspaper) obituary, 22 July 1993
- Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.
- Dalyell, Tam (22 July 1993). "Obituary: The Marquess of Bute". The Independent. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
- Mowat, Bill (15 February 2016). "Jimmy Bain". The Herald. Glasgow. Obituary
- "Patronesses". Royal Caledonian Ball. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Bute
| Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire
The Lord Maclean
| Lord Lieutenant of Argyll and Bute
The Duke of Argyll
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Marquess of Bute