Des Moines, New Mexico

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Des Moines, New Mexico
Location of Des Moines, New Mexico
Location of Des Moines, New Mexico
Des Moines, New Mexico is located in the United States
Des Moines, New Mexico
Des Moines, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°45′37″N 103°50′7″W / 36.76028°N 103.83528°W / 36.76028; -103.83528Coordinates: 36°45′37″N 103°50′7″W / 36.76028°N 103.83528°W / 36.76028; -103.83528
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyUnion
Named forDes Moines, Iowa
Area
 • Total0.87 sq mi (2.25 km2)
 • Land0.87 sq mi (2.25 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
6,647 ft (2,026 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total143
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
122
 • Density140.23/sq mi (54.13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
88418
Area code(s)575
FIPS code35-20480
GNIS feature ID0899607

Des Moines is a village in Union County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 143 at the 2010 census. Des Moines is a small village surrounded by large cattle ranches. The summit of Sierra Grande, the largest shield volcano in the Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field, is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southwest of the village. The population in 2018 was 20% lower than it was in 2000. Des Moines is known for its educational services, construction, and agriculture. The general cost of living index for Des Moines is 84.9.

History[edit]

A post office called Des Moines has been in operation since 1906.[3] The village took its name after Des Moines, Iowa.[4]

Geography[edit]

Des Moines is located at 36°45′37″N 103°50′7″W / 36.76028°N 103.83528°W / 36.76028; -103.83528 (36.760167, -103.835317).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930362
1940289−20.2%
1950282−2.4%
1960207−26.6%
1970204−1.4%
1980178−12.7%
1990168−5.6%
20001775.4%
2010143−19.2%
2019 (est.)122[2]−14.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 143 people, 72 households, and 37 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 88.1% White (65.7% non-Hispanic white), 1.4% Native American, 7.0% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.8% of the population.[8]

As of the 2000 census There were 72 households, out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 30.5% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,321, and the median income for a family was $40,833. Males had a median income of $21,042 versus $33,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,255. About 25.6% of families and 31.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 26.9% of those 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Union County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Odd names abound in this state". Reading Eagle. Jan 1, 1970. p. 2. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ 2010 census general profile of population and housing characteristics of Des Moines

External links[edit]