Colp, Illinois

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Colp
Village Hall
Village Hall
Location of Colp in Williamson County, Illinois.
Location of Colp in Williamson County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°48′21″N 89°4′45″W / 37.80583°N 89.07917°W / 37.80583; -89.07917Coordinates: 37°48′21″N 89°4′45″W / 37.80583°N 89.07917°W / 37.80583; -89.07917
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyWilliamson
Area
 • Total0.13 sq mi (0.35 km2)
 • Land0.13 sq mi (0.35 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total225
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
210
 • Density1,567.16/sq mi (604.45/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
62921
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-15807
Wikimedia CommonsColp, Illinois

Colp is a village in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. The population was 225 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Colp was established in the early 1900s and named for John Colp (1849–1920), whose mining company opened a mine in the area in 1901. The Illinois Central Railroad extended a line to the mine in 1904. The village incorporated in 1915.[3]

Colp community leader Frank Caliper was one of the state's longest-serving elected officials. He served 52 years as mayor from 1935 until his death in 1987.[4]

Geography[edit]

Colp is located at 37°48′21″N 89°04′45″W / 37.805768°N 89.079058°W / 37.805768; -89.079058.[5]

According to the 2010 census, Colp has a total area of 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2), all land.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920584
19301,250114.0%
1940323−74.2%
1950253−21.7%
1960201−20.6%
197027134.8%
19802782.6%
1990235−15.5%
2000224−4.7%
20102250.4%
2019 (est.)210[2]−6.7%
U.S. Census[7]

At the 2000 census,[8] there were 224 people, 103 households and 60 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,576.4 per square mile (617.8/km2). There were 112 housing units at an average density of 788.2 per square mile (308.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 76.34% White, 21.43% African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.45% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races.

There were 103 households, of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.75.

Age distribution was 22.8% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median household income was $14,722, and the median family income was $14,286. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $11,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,769. About 44.8% of families and 37.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 25.0% of those 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ Barbara Barr Hubbs, "Colp History," Williamson County Illinois Historical Society website. Accessed 13 June 2021.
  4. ^ Social Security Death Index. Rootsweb.com; and Jerry F. Costello. July 20, 2010. Congressional Record-Extensions of Remarks. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress. E1368. Online at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CREC-2010-07-20/pdf/CREC-2010-07-20-extensions.pdf.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing, U.S. Census Bureau
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.