Hanyū, Saitama

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Hanyū 

羽生市 
Hanyū City Hall
Hanyū City Hall
Flag of Hanyū 
Flag
Official seal of Hanyū 
Seal
Location of Hanyū in Saitama Prefecture
Location of Hanyū in Saitama Prefecture
Hanyū  is located in Japan
Hanyū 
Hanyū 
Location of Hanyū in Saitama Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°10′21.5″N 139°32′54.5″E / 36.172639°N 139.548472°E / 36.172639; 139.548472Coordinates: 36°10′21.5″N 139°32′54.5″E / 36.172639°N 139.548472°E / 36.172639; 139.548472
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureSaitama
Area
 • Total58.64 km2 (22.64 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2021)
 • Total54,304
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeOsmanthus fragrans
- FlowerWisteria floribunda
Phone number048-561-1121
Address6-15 Higashi, Hanyu-shi, Saitama-ken 348-8601
WebsiteOfficial website
Hozoji-numa Aldrovanda vesiculosa Habitat (Natural Monument)

Hanyū (羽生市, Hanyū-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2021, the city had an estimated population of 54,304 in 23,487 households and a population density of 930 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 58.64 square kilometres (22.64 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Hanyū is located in the most northern part of Saitama Prefecture, with the Tone River on its northern border. Before the river was redirected to its current course to control flooding, it used to flow through the city. This river was used as a major shipping route for locally produced textiles and goods from further up river. Hanyū flourished as a stopping point on the long ride toward Tokyo. Today only an irrigation channel remains in the approximate location of the original river path.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Saitama Prefecture

Gunma Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Hanyū has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hanyū is 14.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1300 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.4 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Hanyū peaked in around the year 2000 and has slightly declined over then past 20 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 30,930—    
1930 32,714+5.8%
1940 33,570+2.6%
1950 42,623+27.0%
1960 43,900+3.0%
1970 45,001+2.5%
1980 48,488+7.7%
1990 53,764+10.9%
2000 57,499+6.9%
2010 56,215−2.2%

History[edit]

The village of Hanyū was created within Kitasaitama District, Saitama with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On September 1, 1954 Hanyū merged with the neighboring villages of Shingō, Sukage, Iwase, Kawamata, Iizumi, and Tegobayashi and was elevated to city status. The village of Chiyoda was annexed on April 1, 1959.

Government[edit]

Hanyū has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 14 members. Hanyū contributes one member to the Saitama Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Saitama 12th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Traditional industries of Hanyū included textile dying and clothing production. The area was famous of its indigo production in the Edo period. Akebono Brake Industry is headquartered in Hanyū.

Education[edit]

  • Saitama Junshin Junior College
  • Hanyū has 11 public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and four public high schools operated by the Saitama Prefectural Board of Education.The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Tōbu Tetsudō Logo.svg Tobu Railway - Tobu Isesaki Line

CTK logomark 2019.svg Chichibu RailwayChichibu Main Line

Highways[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Saitama Aquarium

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hanyū city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Hanyū climate data
  3. ^ Hanyū population statistics
  4. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco".

External links[edit]