Flag of Malta
|Use||National flag and state and naval ensign|
|Adopted||21 September 1964|
|Design||A vertical bicolor of white and red with the representation of the George Cross edged in red on the upper hoist-side corner of the white band.|
Variant flag of Malta
|Design||A red field with a white border, and a white Maltese cross in the center.|
The flag of Malta (Maltese: Bandiera ta' Malta) is a basic bicolour, with white in the hoist and red in the fly. A representation of the George Cross, awarded to Malta by George VI of the United Kingdom in 1942, is carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.
Tradition states that the colours of the flag were given to Malta by Roger I of Sicily in 1090. Roger's fleet landed in Malta on the completion of the Norman conquest of Sicily. It is said that local Christians offered to fight by Roger's side against the Arab defenders. In order to recognise the locals fighting on his side from the defenders, Roger reportedly tore off part of his chequered red-and-white flag. This story has, however, been debunked as a 19th-century myth, possibly even earlier due to the Mdina, Malta's old capital, associating its colours with Roger's in the late Middle Ages.
The George Cross
The George Cross originally appeared on the flag placed on a blue canton (see List of flags of Malta). The flag was changed on 21 September 1964 with Malta's independence when the blue canton was replaced by a red fimbriation, the intention being that the Cross appear less prominent.
Historical flags of Malta
1943–1964, Unofficial flag of Malta
- Award of the George Cross to Malta
- Coat of arms of Malta
- Flags and symbols of Malta
- List of flags of Malta
- Culture of Malta
- Politics of Malta
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