Au Sable Forks, New York

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Au Sable Forks, New York
Au Sable Forks, NY.JPG
Location in Clinton County and the state of New York.
Location in Clinton County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 44°26′39″N 73°40′34″W / 44.44417°N 73.67611°W / 44.44417; -73.67611Coordinates: 44°26′39″N 73°40′34″W / 44.44417°N 73.67611°W / 44.44417; -73.67611
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesClinton (CDP portion), Essex
TownsBlack Brook (CDP portion), Jay
Area
 • Total2.54 sq mi (6.58 km2)
 • Land2.52 sq mi (6.53 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation
551 ft (168 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total559
 • Density222/sq mi (85.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
12912
Area code(s)518 Exchange: 647
FIPS code36-03254
GNIS feature ID0979665

Au Sable Forks is a hamlet in Clinton County and Essex County, New York, United States. The northern half of the community, within Clinton County, is listed as the Au Sable Forks census-designated place (CDP) and had a population of 559 at the 2010 census.[1]

Geography[edit]

Au Sable Forks is located on the border of Clinton and Essex counties at 44°26′39″N 73°40′34″W / 44.44417°N 73.67611°W / 44.44417; -73.67611 (44.444063, −73.676013),[2] centered on the point where the West Branch and the East Branch of the Au Sable River join to form the main confluence which flows into Au Sable Chasm and thence, into Lake Champlain.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP portion of Au Sable Forks has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.6 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.89%, is water.[1]

New York State Route 9N passes through the center of the community, leading 11 miles (18 km) northeast (downstream) to Keeseville and 6 miles (10 km) southwest (upstream on the East Branch) to Jay. Plattsburgh is 28 miles (45 km) to the northeast via NY-9N and Interstate 87.

The climate of Au Sable Forks is temperate, with it being very cold in winter and fairly hot in summer. Au Sable Forks is known for its repetitive history of floods, with those of 1996 and 2011 causing grievous damage – these were 15 and 18 feet above flood stage respectively. Since the 2011 flood caused by Hurricane Irene, ice jams, once common, have become less frequent because of the alteration in hydrogeology caused by the flood, which was the most massive one recorded.

An April 20, 2002, a 5.0–5.3 Mw earthquake occurred north of the town. The shallow dip-slip shock had a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong) and caused damage to roads, bridges, buildings, and chimneys.[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[5] there were 670 people, 265 households, and 175 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 268.5 per square mile (103.5/km2). There were 294 housing units at an average density of 117.8/sq mi (45.4/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.51% White, 0.30% African American, 0.15% Native American, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.15% of the population.

There were 265 households, out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,578, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $30,859 versus $21,667 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,816. About 10.6% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Community information[edit]

Au Sable is two, separate, French Words that translate in to Of Sand ... Au Sable should never be clustered. Au Sable Forks is made up parts of two Townships, within two counties divided by the two branches of the Au Sable River at The Forks were they merge into one confluence. It has s two County Seats. Black Brook Town Offices are located within Clinton Co. on North Main Street with the County Seat in Plattsburgh, New York, while the Township of Jay Government Offices and the local Community Center is located within Essex Co. on School Lane with its County Seat located in Elizabethtown, New York. The community is served by the Au Sable Forks Volunteer Fire Department as well as a volunteer Au Sable Forks Ambulance Team. Only one school remains open after the closure of Holy Name Catholic Schools closure on Main Street. The Au Sable Forks Elementary School is located on Church Lane, in Au Sable Forks, in Essex County. The Au Sable Valley High School is in Clintonville, NY serves the Jr. High and High School Students. There are three different denominational Churches found along Main Street and they are the Holy Name Catholic Church, United Methodist Church and St. James Episcopal Church. The is the Au Sable Forks Health Care Facility on Pleasant Street, and the Au Sable Valley Dental Service on North of Main Street. The Au Sable Forks Free Library is on Church Lane. Zaumetzer Funeral Home is from on College Street; The US Post Office is on Forge Street. Gordon Oil Co. is along Rt 9N, and Miller's Fuel is located at Fern Lake. They have two Banks, one large Grocery Store, 3 small but nice Restaurants .. one has a Deli & Bakery. Tahawus Center is on Main Street. Its owners offer Ballet Classes and Summer Art, or Educational Programs. The Forks, as its known locally, does offer a laid back so of life style. There are more than 10 Air B&B found there. There is the Medos A. Nelson American Legion Post 504 on McCrea Street and the Riverside Bowling Alley found on the corner of Rt. 9N and McCrea Street. 20 Main is found there on Main Street as is the ADK Mt. Spirits (Liquior & Wine Store) Two hair Salons are in The Forks. Steph's Little Luxeries Shop is there on Silver Lake Rd. Today, the Au Sable Valley Golf Course is "for sale" and so is the Hollywood Movie Theatre that shows Digital Movies on Main Street.

The former estate homes of James and his cousin, John W. Rogers of the J & J Rogers Company are located in the hamlet. There is often the misunderstanding that these two men were brother, but in fact they were not! The Rogers were prominent citizens originally from the Saratoga region and business owners who settled here pre 1830. Being earlier settlers they established and operated the J & J Rogers Co.then purchased the Palmer Hill Iron Mines; They owned and operated the J&J Rogers Iron Co. consisting of their Rolling Mill Forge, the 4 fire East Forge on Forge Street, and the 6 fire Forge in the hamlet of Lower Jay. They operated the Iron Ore Mines on Palmer Hill, their Kilns in Swastikia, their huge Charocoal Kiln at Taylor Pond; Their Co. Stores in AU Sable Forks and in the Black Brook Hamlet; Their Industrial Era businesses consisted of their J & J Rogers Co. Pulp Mill, their Hydro Electric Dam at that 1897 Pulp Mill that was in the County of Essex, here, in Au Sable Forks. Their Robeson Acid Plant and their 1901 Paper Mill were across the Au Sable River in the County of Clinton but still in Au Sable Forks, NY. They employed numerous people dating backing to the establishing Au Sable Forks. In fact, their businesses thrived. They constructed Company Houses for their employees and their families. In Oct. 1970 the economy of this bustling Village nearly disappeared after the closure of the huge Paper Mill. It was the end of that Industrial Era! Many men from there were and remain today employed by NYS Dept. of Law Enforcement as Correctional Officers and some State Troppers.

Au Sable Forks made national headlines in 1987 with the disappearance and subsequent murder of 17-year-old Kari Lynn Nixon. Kari's story was featured on Unsolved Mysteries.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Au Sable Forks CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ USGS. "M 5.3 – New York". United States Geological Survey.
  4. ^ Seeber, L.; Kim, W.; Armbruster, J. G.; Du, W.; Lerner-Lam, A.; Friberg, P. (2002), "The 20 April 2002 Mw 5.0 Earthquake near Au Sable Forks, Adirondacks, New York: A First Glance at a New Sequence", Seismological Research Letters, Seismological Society of America, 73 (4): 480–489, doi:10.1785/gssrl.73.4.480
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.